Developmental editors, also called "content editors," edit at the chapter, section and manuscript levels, which is to say they have a macro, or big-picture, focus. A developmental editor might help the author restructure and reorganize chapters, sections or the entire manuscript. She might address pacing, macro-level focus and cohesion, development of plot or argument, persuasiveness, clarity or logic.
Copyeditors edit at the sentence level, fixing problems such as wordiness and errors or lapses in grammar, usage, word choice and syntax. Copyediting ranges from light to medium to heavy, light being the least expensive. Heavy copyediting involves a degree of emphasis on sentence variety and some restructuring of sentences. However, copyeditors are not line editors so they are careful not to change the meaning or alter the voice and style.
Proofreaders correct typographical errors, misspellings, punctuation issues and formatting irregularities.
Like copyeditors, line editors fix sentence-level problems such as wordiness and errors or lapses in grammar, usage, word choice and syntax. However, line editors also go beyond copyediting to address voice and style, giving comprehensive attention to word choice and sentence variety and ensuring the prose is cliché-free. Line editors can help make insipid prose appetizing. However, we will not change the voice without the author’s permission. If we detect issues with the voice, we will communicate that to the author, who gets decide to what degree, if any, the voice is changed. When need be, line editors also extensively restructure sentences. Their attention also goes beyond the sentence level, which is to say they edit paragraphs for focus, cohesion and structure.
Content We Edit
We edit virtually all kinds of content:
“Dana Crum is one of the most thorough and professional copy editors I've ever worked with.”
—Clarence Reynolds, Former Managing Editor at Black Issues Book Review
“I used Dana Crum's services for editing copy of marketing projects. He is always well researched on the subject matter and precise in his critique and suggestions for improvement. He is a well-trusted professional with a flair for creativity and punctuality.”
—Anthony Craft, Former Marketing Executive at Capital One Financial
“Working with Dana Crum was simply a great experience! Dana edited our 500+ page book, Connecting People with Art, and provided us with his confidence and his excellent experience. We would hire him again because he knows his craft, he is thorough, cooperative, and he worked on our project as carefully as if it were his own—a quality that is hard to find. Further, he helped us to improve areas beyond the scope of our original work request,”
—Evelyn Redcross, October Gallery